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//! 排序和比较的功能。
//!
//! 该模块包含用于排序和比较值的各种工具。在总结中:
//!
//! * [`Eq`] 和 [`PartialEq`] 是 traits,允许您分别定义值之间的完全相等和部分相等。
//! 实现它们会使 `==` 和 `!=` 运算符重载。
//! * [`Ord`] 和 [`PartialOrd`] 是 traits,允许您分别定义值之间的全部排序和部分排序。
//!
//! 实现它们会使 `<`,`<=`,`>` 和 `>=` 运算符重载。
//! * [`Ordering`] 是 [`Ord`] 和 [`PartialOrd`] 的 `main` 函数返回的枚举,描述了一种排序。
//! * [`Reverse`] 是一种结构体,可让您轻松地颠倒顺序。
//! * [`max`] 和 [`min`] 是建立在 [`Ord`] 基础上的函数,允许您找到两个值的最大值或最小值。
//!
//! 有关更多详细信息,请参见列表中每个项的相应文档。
//!
//! [`max`]: Ord::max
//! [`min`]: Ord::min
//!
//!
//!
//!

#![stable(feature = "rust1", since = "1.0.0")]

use self::Ordering::*;

/// 相等比较的 trait 是 [部分等价关系](https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Partial_equivalence_relation)。
///
/// `x.eq(y)` 也可以写成 `x == y`,`x.ne(y)`,也可以写成 `x != y`。
/// 在本文档的其余部分中,我们使用了更易于阅读的中缀符号。
///
/// 对于没有完全等价关系的类型,这个 trait 允许部分相等。
/// 例如,在浮点数 `NaN != NaN` 中,因此浮点类型实现 `PartialEq`,但不实现 [`[email protected]`]。
///
/// 实现必须确保 `eq` 和 `ne` 彼此一致:
///
/// - `a != b` 当且仅当 `!(a == b)` (由默认实现确保)。
///
/// 如果 `Self` 和 `Rhs` 也实现了 [`PartialOrd`] 或 [`Ord`],则它们的方法也必须与 `PartialEq` 一致 (具体要求请参见那些 traits 的文档)。
/// 通过派生一些 traits 并手动实现其他一些行为,很容易使它们不以为然。
///
/// 等式关系 `==` 必须满足以下条件 (对于所有类型为 `A`、`B`、`C` 的 `a`、`b`、`c`) :
///
/// - **对称**: 如果 `A: PartialEq<B>` 和 `B: PartialEq<A>`,则 **`a == b` 意味着 'b == a`**; 和
///
/// - **可传递**: 如果 `A: PartialEq<B>` 和 `B: PartialEq<C>` 以及 `A:
///   PartialEq<C>`,然后 **`a == b`,并且 `b == c` 暗示了 `a == c`**。
///
/// 请注意,`B: PartialEq<A>` (symmetric) 和 `A: PartialEq<C>` (transitive) 强制不是强制存在的,但是这些要求只要存在就适用。
///
/// ## Derivable
///
/// 该 trait 可以与 `#[derive]` 一起使用。在结构体上 `derive` d 时,如果所有字段都相等,则两个实例相等; 如果任何字段不相等,则两个实例不相等。对枚举进行 `derive`d 时,每个变体都等于自身,而不等于其他变体。
///
/// ## 如何实现 `PartialEq`?
///
/// 一个域的示例实现,在该域中,即使两本书的 ISBN 匹配,即使格式不同,也将其视为同一本书:
///
/// ```
/// enum BookFormat {
///     Paperback,
///     Hardback,
///     Ebook,
/// }
///
/// struct Book {
///     isbn: i32,
///     format: BookFormat,
/// }
///
/// impl PartialEq for Book {
///     fn eq(&self, other: &Self) -> bool {
///         self.isbn == other.isbn
///     }
/// }
///
/// let b1 = Book { isbn: 3, format: BookFormat::Paperback };
/// let b2 = Book { isbn: 3, format: BookFormat::Ebook };
/// let b3 = Book { isbn: 10, format: BookFormat::Paperback };
///
/// assert!(b1 == b2);
/// assert!(b1 != b3);
/// ```
///
/// ## 如何比较两种不同的类型?
///
/// 您可以比较的类型由 `PartialEq` 的类型参数控制。
/// 例如,让我们对之前的代码进行一些调整:
///
/// ```
/// // 衍生工具 <BookFormat> == <BookFormat> 比较
/// #[derive(PartialEq)]
/// enum BookFormat {
///     Paperback,
///     Hardback,
///     Ebook,
/// }
///
/// struct Book {
///     isbn: i32,
///     format: BookFormat,
/// }
///
/// // 实现 <Book> == <BookFormat> 比较
/// impl PartialEq<BookFormat> for Book {
///     fn eq(&self, other: &BookFormat) -> bool {
///         self.format == *other
///     }
/// }
///
/// // 实现 <BookFormat> == <Book> 比较
/// impl PartialEq<Book> for BookFormat {
///     fn eq(&self, other: &Book) -> bool {
///         *self == other.format
///     }
/// }
///
/// let b1 = Book { isbn: 3, format: BookFormat::Paperback };
///
/// assert!(b1 == BookFormat::Paperback);
/// assert!(BookFormat::Ebook != b1);
/// ```
///
/// 通过将 `impl PartialEq for Book` 更改为 `impl PartialEq<BookFormat> for Book`,我们可以将 BookFormat 和 Book 进行比较。
///
/// 像上面这样的比较 (它忽略了结构体的某些字段) 可能很危险。这很容易导致意外违反部分对等关系的要求。
/// 例如,如果我们保留了以上针对 `BookFormat` 的 `PartialEq<Book>` 的实现,并为 `Book` 添加了 `PartialEq<Book>` 的实现 (通过 `#[derive]` 或第一个示例中的手动实现),则结果将违反传递性:
///
///
/// ```should_panic
/// #[derive(PartialEq)]
/// enum BookFormat {
///     Paperback,
///     Hardback,
///     Ebook,
/// }
///
/// #[derive(PartialEq)]
/// struct Book {
///     isbn: i32,
///     format: BookFormat,
/// }
///
/// impl PartialEq<BookFormat> for Book {
///     fn eq(&self, other: &BookFormat) -> bool {
///         self.format == *other
///     }
/// }
///
/// impl PartialEq<Book> for BookFormat {
///     fn eq(&self, other: &Book) -> bool {
///         *self == other.format
///     }
/// }
///
/// fn main() {
///     let b1 = Book { isbn: 1, format: BookFormat::Paperback };
///     let b2 = Book { isbn: 2, format: BookFormat::Paperback };
///
///     assert!(b1 == BookFormat::Paperback);
///     assert!(BookFormat::Paperback == b2);
///
///     // 以下应该通过传递性来保持,但不是。
///     assert!(b1 == b2); // <-- PANICS
/// }
/// ```
///
/// # Examples
///
/// ```
/// let x: u32 = 0;
/// let y: u32 = 1;
///
/// assert_eq!(x == y, false);
/// assert_eq!(x.eq(&y), false);
/// ```
///
/// [`eq`]: PartialEq::eq
/// [`ne`]: PartialEq::ne
///
///
///
///
///
///
///
///
///
///
///
///
///
///
///
///
///
///
#[lang = "eq"]
#[stable(feature = "rust1", since = "1.0.0")]
#[doc(alias = "==")]
#[doc(alias = "!=")]
#[rustc_on_unimplemented(
    message = "can't compare `{Self}` with `{Rhs}`",
    label = "no implementation for `{Self} == {Rhs}`"
)]
#[rustc_diagnostic_item = "PartialEq"]
pub trait PartialEq<Rhs: ?Sized = Self> {
    /// 此方法测试 `self` 和 `other` 值是否相等,并由 `==` 使用。
    ///
    #[must_use]
    #[stable(feature = "rust1", since = "1.0.0")]
    fn eq(&self, other: &Rhs) -> bool;

    /// 此方法测试 `!=`。
    #[inline]
    #[must_use]
    #[stable(feature = "rust1", since = "1.0.0")]
    fn ne(&self, other: &Rhs) -> bool {
        !self.eq(other)
    }
}

/// 派生宏,生成 `PartialEq` trait 的 impl。
#[rustc_builtin_macro]
#[stable(feature = "builtin_macro_prelude", since = "1.38.0")]
#[allow_internal_unstable(core_intrinsics, structural_match)]
pub macro PartialEq($item:item) {
    /* compiler built-in */
}

/// [等价关系](https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Equivalence_relation) 等式比较的 Trait。
///
/// 这意味着,除了 `a == b` 和 `a != b` 是严格的逆之外,相等必须是 (对于所有 `a`,`b` 和 `c`) :
///
/// - 反射: `a == a`;
/// - 对称: `a == b` 表示 `b == a`; and
/// - 可传递的: `a == b` 和 `b == c` 表示 `a == c`。
///
/// 编译器无法检查此属性,因此 `Eq` 表示 [`PartialEq`],并且没有其他方法。
///
/// ## Derivable
///
/// 该 trait 可以与 `#[derive]` 一起使用。
/// 当 `derived' 时,由于 `Eq` 没有额外的方法,它只是通知编译器这是一个等价关系,而不是部分等价关系。
///
/// 请注意,`derive` 策略要求所有字段均为 `Eq`,这并不总是需要的。
///
/// ## 如何实现 `Eq`?
///
/// 如果您不能使用 `derive` 策略,请指定您的类型实现 `Eq`,它没有方法:
///
/// ```
/// enum BookFormat { Paperback, Hardback, Ebook }
/// struct Book {
///     isbn: i32,
///     format: BookFormat,
/// }
/// impl PartialEq for Book {
///     fn eq(&self, other: &Self) -> bool {
///         self.isbn == other.isbn
///     }
/// }
/// impl Eq for Book {}
/// ```
///
///
///
///
///
#[doc(alias = "==")]
#[doc(alias = "!=")]
#[stable(feature = "rust1", since = "1.0.0")]
#[rustc_diagnostic_item = "Eq"]
pub trait Eq: PartialEq<Self> {
    // #[deriving] 只能单独使用此方法来断言类型的每个组件本身都实现 #[deriving],当前派生基础结构意味着在此 trait 上不使用任何方法来进行断言几乎是不可能的。
    //
    //
    // 绝不能手工实现。
    //
    //
    //
    #[doc(hidden)]
    #[no_coverage] // rust-lang/rust#84605
    #[inline]
    #[stable(feature = "rust1", since = "1.0.0")]
    fn assert_receiver_is_total_eq(&self) {}
}

/// 派生宏,生成 `Eq` trait 的 impl。
#[rustc_builtin_macro]
#[stable(feature = "builtin_macro_prelude", since = "1.38.0")]
#[allow_internal_unstable(core_intrinsics, derive_eq, structural_match, no_coverage)]
pub macro Eq($item:item) {
    /* compiler built-in */
}

// FIXME: #[derive] 单独使用此结构体来断言类型的每个组件都实现 Eq。
//
//
// 该结构体永远不会出现在用户代码中。
#[doc(hidden)]
#[allow(missing_debug_implementations)]
#[unstable(feature = "derive_eq", reason = "deriving hack, should not be public", issue = "none")]
pub struct AssertParamIsEq<T: Eq + ?Sized> {
    _field: crate::marker::PhantomData<T>,
}

/// `Ordering` 是两个值之间比较的结果。
///
/// # Examples
///
/// ```
/// use std::cmp::Ordering;
///
/// let result = 1.cmp(&2);
/// assert_eq!(Ordering::Less, result);
///
/// let result = 1.cmp(&1);
/// assert_eq!(Ordering::Equal, result);
///
/// let result = 2.cmp(&1);
/// assert_eq!(Ordering::Greater, result);
/// ```
#[derive(Clone, Copy, PartialEq, Debug, Hash)]
#[stable(feature = "rust1", since = "1.0.0")]
#[repr(i8)]
pub enum Ordering {
    /// 比较值小于另一个值的排序。
    #[stable(feature = "rust1", since = "1.0.0")]
    Less = -1,
    /// 比较值等于另一个的排序。
    #[stable(feature = "rust1", since = "1.0.0")]
    Equal = 0,
    /// 比较值大于另一个值的排序。
    #[stable(feature = "rust1", since = "1.0.0")]
    Greater = 1,
}

impl Ordering {
    /// 如果排序的是 `Equal` 变体,则返回 `true`。
    ///
    /// # Examples
    ///
    /// ```
    /// use std::cmp::Ordering;
    ///
    /// assert_eq!(Ordering::Less.is_eq(), false);
    /// assert_eq!(Ordering::Equal.is_eq(), true);
    /// assert_eq!(Ordering::Greater.is_eq(), false);
    /// ```
    #[inline]
    #[must_use]
    #[rustc_const_stable(feature = "ordering_helpers", since = "1.53.0")]
    #[stable(feature = "ordering_helpers", since = "1.53.0")]
    pub const fn is_eq(self) -> bool {
        matches!(self, Equal)
    }

    /// 如果排序的不是 `Equal` 变体,则返回 `true`。
    ///
    /// # Examples
    ///
    /// ```
    /// use std::cmp::Ordering;
    ///
    /// assert_eq!(Ordering::Less.is_ne(), true);
    /// assert_eq!(Ordering::Equal.is_ne(), false);
    /// assert_eq!(Ordering::Greater.is_ne(), true);
    /// ```
    #[inline]
    #[must_use]
    #[rustc_const_stable(feature = "ordering_helpers", since = "1.53.0")]
    #[stable(feature = "ordering_helpers", since = "1.53.0")]
    pub const fn is_ne(self) -> bool {
        !matches!(self, Equal)
    }

    /// 如果排序的是 `Less` 变体,则返回 `true`。
    ///
    /// # Examples
    ///
    /// ```
    /// use std::cmp::Ordering;
    ///
    /// assert_eq!(Ordering::Less.is_lt(), true);
    /// assert_eq!(Ordering::Equal.is_lt(), false);
    /// assert_eq!(Ordering::Greater.is_lt(), false);
    /// ```
    #[inline]
    #[must_use]
    #[rustc_const_stable(feature = "ordering_helpers", since = "1.53.0")]
    #[stable(feature = "ordering_helpers", since = "1.53.0")]
    pub const fn is_lt(self) -> bool {
        matches!(self, Less)
    }

    /// 如果排序的是 `Greater` 变体,则返回 `true`。
    ///
    /// # Examples
    ///
    /// ```
    /// use std::cmp::Ordering;
    ///
    /// assert_eq!(Ordering::Less.is_gt(), false);
    /// assert_eq!(Ordering::Equal.is_gt(), false);
    /// assert_eq!(Ordering::Greater.is_gt(), true);
    /// ```
    #[inline]
    #[must_use]
    #[rustc_const_stable(feature = "ordering_helpers", since = "1.53.0")]
    #[stable(feature = "ordering_helpers", since = "1.53.0")]
    pub const fn is_gt(self) -> bool {
        matches!(self, Greater)
    }

    /// 如果排序的是 `Less` 或 `Equal` 变体,则返回 `true`。
    ///
    /// # Examples
    ///
    /// ```
    /// use std::cmp::Ordering;
    ///
    /// assert_eq!(Ordering::Less.is_le(), true);
    /// assert_eq!(Ordering::Equal.is_le(), true);
    /// assert_eq!(Ordering::Greater.is_le(), false);
    /// ```
    #[inline]
    #[must_use]
    #[rustc_const_stable(feature = "ordering_helpers", since = "1.53.0")]
    #[stable(feature = "ordering_helpers", since = "1.53.0")]
    pub const fn is_le(self) -> bool {
        !matches!(self, Greater)
    }

    /// 如果排序的是 `Greater` 或 `Equal` 变体,则返回 `true`。
    ///
    /// # Examples
    ///
    /// ```
    /// use std::cmp::Ordering;
    ///
    /// assert_eq!(Ordering::Less.is_ge(), false);
    /// assert_eq!(Ordering::Equal.is_ge(), true);
    /// assert_eq!(Ordering::Greater.is_ge(), true);
    /// ```
    #[inline]
    #[must_use]
    #[rustc_const_stable(feature = "ordering_helpers", since = "1.53.0")]
    #[stable(feature = "ordering_helpers", since = "1.53.0")]
    pub const fn is_ge(self) -> bool {
        !matches!(self, Less)
    }

    /// 反转 `Ordering`。
    ///
    /// * `Less` 变成 `Greater`。
    /// * `Greater` 变成 `Less`。
    /// * `Equal` 变成 `Equal`。
    ///
    /// # Examples
    ///
    /// 基本行为:
    ///
    /// ```
    /// use std::cmp::Ordering;
    ///
    /// assert_eq!(Ordering::Less.reverse(), Ordering::Greater);
    /// assert_eq!(Ordering::Equal.reverse(), Ordering::Equal);
    /// assert_eq!(Ordering::Greater.reverse(), Ordering::Less);
    /// ```
    ///
    /// 此方法可用于反转比较:
    ///
    /// ```
    /// let data: &mut [_] = &mut [2, 10, 5, 8];
    ///
    /// // 从最大到最小对数组进行排序。
    /// data.sort_by(|a, b| a.cmp(b).reverse());
    ///
    /// let b: &mut [_] = &mut [10, 8, 5, 2];
    /// assert!(data == b);
    /// ```
    #[inline]
    #[must_use]
    #[rustc_const_stable(feature = "const_ordering", since = "1.48.0")]
    #[stable(feature = "rust1", since = "1.0.0")]
    pub const fn reverse(self) -> Ordering {
        match self {
            Less => Greater,
            Equal => Equal,
            Greater => Less,
        }
    }

    /// 链接两个排序。
    ///
    /// 如果不是 `Equal`,则返回 `self`。否则返回 `other`。
    ///
    /// # Examples
    ///
    /// ```
    /// use std::cmp::Ordering;
    ///
    /// let result = Ordering::Equal.then(Ordering::Less);
    /// assert_eq!(result, Ordering::Less);
    ///
    /// let result = Ordering::Less.then(Ordering::Equal);
    /// assert_eq!(result, Ordering::Less);
    ///
    /// let result = Ordering::Less.then(Ordering::Greater);
    /// assert_eq!(result, Ordering::Less);
    ///
    /// let result = Ordering::Equal.then(Ordering::Equal);
    /// assert_eq!(result, Ordering::Equal);
    ///
    /// let x: (i64, i64, i64) = (1, 2, 7);
    /// let y: (i64, i64, i64) = (1, 5, 3);
    /// let result = x.0.cmp(&y.0).then(x.1.cmp(&y.1)).then(x.2.cmp(&y.2));
    ///
    /// assert_eq!(result, Ordering::Less);
    /// ```
    #[inline]
    #[must_use]
    #[rustc_const_stable(feature = "const_ordering", since = "1.48.0")]
    #[stable(feature = "ordering_chaining", since = "1.17.0")]
    pub const fn then(self, other: Ordering) -> Ordering {
        match self {
            Equal => other,
            _ => self,
        }
    }

    /// 用给定的函数链接顺序。
    ///
    /// 如果不是 `Equal`,则返回 `self`。
    /// 否则,调用 `f` 并返回结果。
    ///
    /// # Examples
    ///
    /// ```
    /// use std::cmp::Ordering;
    ///
    /// let result = Ordering::Equal.then_with(|| Ordering::Less);
    /// assert_eq!(result, Ordering::Less);
    ///
    /// let result = Ordering::Less.then_with(|| Ordering::Equal);
    /// assert_eq!(result, Ordering::Less);
    ///
    /// let result = Ordering::Less.then_with(|| Ordering::Greater);
    /// assert_eq!(result, Ordering::Less);
    ///
    /// let result = Ordering::Equal.then_with(|| Ordering::Equal);
    /// assert_eq!(result, Ordering::Equal);
    ///
    /// let x: (i64, i64, i64) = (1, 2, 7);
    /// let y: (i64, i64, i64) = (1, 5, 3);
    /// let result = x.0.cmp(&y.0).then_with(|| x.1.cmp(&y.1)).then_with(|| x.2.cmp(&y.2));
    ///
    /// assert_eq!(result, Ordering::Less);
    /// ```
    #[inline]
    #[must_use]
    #[stable(feature = "ordering_chaining", since = "1.17.0")]
    pub fn then_with<F: FnOnce() -> Ordering>(self, f: F) -> Ordering {
        match self {
            Equal => f(),
            _ => self,
        }
    }
}

/// 用于逆序排序的辅助结构体。
///
/// 该结构是一个帮助器,可与 [`Vec::sort_by_key`] 等函数一起使用,并且可以用于对键的一部分进行反向排序。
///
///
/// [`Vec::sort_by_key`]: ../../std/vec/struct.Vec.html#method.sort_by_key
///
/// # Examples
///
/// ```
/// use std::cmp::Reverse;
///
/// let mut v = vec![1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6];
/// v.sort_by_key(|&num| (num > 3, Reverse(num)));
/// assert_eq!(v, vec![3, 2, 1, 6, 5, 4]);
/// ```
#[derive(PartialEq, Eq, Debug, Copy, Default, Hash)]
#[stable(feature = "reverse_cmp_key", since = "1.19.0")]
#[repr(transparent)]
pub struct Reverse<T>(#[stable(feature = "reverse_cmp_key", since = "1.19.0")] pub T);

#[stable(feature = "reverse_cmp_key", since = "1.19.0")]
impl<T: PartialOrd> PartialOrd for Reverse<T> {
    #[inline]
    fn partial_cmp(&self, other: &Reverse<T>) -> Option<Ordering> {
        other.0.partial_cmp(&self.0)
    }

    #[inline]
    fn lt(&self, other: &Self) -> bool {
        other.0 < self.0
    }
    #[inline]
    fn le(&self, other: &Self) -> bool {
        other.0 <= self.0
    }
    #[inline]
    fn gt(&self, other: &Self) -> bool {
        other.0 > self.0
    }
    #[inline]
    fn ge(&self, other: &Self) -> bool {
        other.0 >= self.0
    }
}

#[stable(feature = "reverse_cmp_key", since = "1.19.0")]
impl<T: Ord> Ord for Reverse<T> {
    #[inline]
    fn cmp(&self, other: &Reverse<T>) -> Ordering {
        other.0.cmp(&self.0)
    }
}

#[stable(feature = "reverse_cmp_key", since = "1.19.0")]
impl<T: Clone> Clone for Reverse<T> {
    #[inline]
    fn clone(&self) -> Reverse<T> {
        Reverse(self.0.clone())
    }

    #[inline]
    fn clone_from(&mut self, other: &Self) {
        self.0.clone_from(&other.0)
    }
}

/// 一个用于形成 [全序关系](https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Total_order) 的类型的 trait。
///
/// 实现必须与 [`PartialOrd`] 实现一致,并确保 `max`、`min` 和 `clamp` 与 `cmp` 一致:
///
/// - `partial_cmp(a, b) == Some(cmp(a, b))`.
/// - `max(a, b) == max_by(a, b, cmp)` (由默认实现确保)。
/// - `min(a, b) == min_by(a, b, cmp)` (由默认实现确保)。
/// - 对于 `a.clamp(min, max)`,请参见 [方法文档](#method.clamp) (由默认实现确保)。
///
/// 通过派生一些 traits 并手动实现其他的,很容易意外地使 `cmp` 和 `partial_cmp` 不一致。
///
/// ## Corollaries
///
/// 综上所述,根据 `PartialOrd` 的要求,`<` 定义了严格的总顺序。
/// 这意味着对于所有 `a`、`b` 和 `c`:
///
/// - `a < b`、`a == b` 或 `a > b` 中恰好有一个为 true; and
/// - `<` 是可传递的: `a < b` 和 `b < c` 意味着 `a < c`。`==` 和 `>` 必须保持相同。
///
/// ## Derivable
///
/// 该 trait 可以与 `#[derive]` 一起使用。
/// 在结构体上 `derive` d 时,它将基于结构体成员的自上而下的声明顺序生成 [词典](https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lexicographic_order) 顺序。
///
/// 对枚举进行 `derive`d 时,变体按其从上到下的判别顺序进行排序。
/// 这意味着顶部的变体少于底部的变体。
/// 下面是一个例子:
///
/// ```
/// #[derive(PartialEq, PartialOrd)]
/// enum Size {
///     Small,
///     Large,
/// }
///
/// assert!(Size::Small < Size::Large);
/// ```
///
/// ## 词典比较
///
/// 词典比较是一种具有以下属性的操作:
///  - 逐个元素比较两个序列。
///  - 第一个不匹配元素定义了哪个序列在词典上小于或大于另一个序列。
///  - 如果一个序列是另一个序列的前缀,则从字典上看,较短的序列比另一个序列小。
///  - 如果两个序列具有相等的元素并且长度相同,则序列在字典上是相等的。
///  - 在字典上,空序列比任何非空序列都少。
///  - 两个空序列在字典上是相等的。
///
/// ## 如何实现 `Ord`?
///
/// `Ord` 要求类型也是 [`PartialOrd`] 和 [`Eq`] (需要 [`PartialEq`])。
///
/// 然后,您必须定义 [`cmp`] 的实现。您可能会发现在类型的字段上使用 [`cmp`] 很有用。
///
/// 这是一个示例,您只想按高度对人员进行排序,而不考虑 `id` 和 `name`:
///
/// ```
/// use std::cmp::Ordering;
///
/// #[derive(Eq)]
/// struct Person {
///     id: u32,
///     name: String,
///     height: u32,
/// }
///
/// impl Ord for Person {
///     fn cmp(&self, other: &Self) -> Ordering {
///         self.height.cmp(&other.height)
///     }
/// }
///
/// impl PartialOrd for Person {
///     fn partial_cmp(&self, other: &Self) -> Option<Ordering> {
///         Some(self.cmp(other))
///     }
/// }
///
/// impl PartialEq for Person {
///     fn eq(&self, other: &Self) -> bool {
///         self.height == other.height
///     }
/// }
/// ```
///
/// [`cmp`]: Ord::cmp
///
///
///
///
#[doc(alias = "<")]
#[doc(alias = ">")]
#[doc(alias = "<=")]
#[doc(alias = ">=")]
#[stable(feature = "rust1", since = "1.0.0")]
#[rustc_diagnostic_item = "Ord"]
pub trait Ord: Eq + PartialOrd<Self> {
    /// 此方法返回 `self` 和 `other` 之间的 [`Ordering`]。
    ///
    /// 按照惯例,如果为 true,则 `self.cmp(&other)` 返回与表达式 `self <operator> other` 匹配的顺序。
    ///
    ///
    /// # Examples
    ///
    /// ```
    /// use std::cmp::Ordering;
    ///
    /// assert_eq!(5.cmp(&10), Ordering::Less);
    /// assert_eq!(10.cmp(&5), Ordering::Greater);
    /// assert_eq!(5.cmp(&5), Ordering::Equal);
    /// ```
    #[must_use]
    #[stable(feature = "rust1", since = "1.0.0")]
    fn cmp(&self, other: &Self) -> Ordering;

    /// 比较并返回两个值中的最大值。
    ///
    /// 如果比较确定它们相等,则返回第二个参数。
    ///
    /// # Examples
    ///
    /// ```
    /// assert_eq!(2, 1.max(2));
    /// assert_eq!(2, 2.max(2));
    /// ```
    #[stable(feature = "ord_max_min", since = "1.21.0")]
    #[inline]
    #[must_use]
    fn max(self, other: Self) -> Self
    where
        Self: Sized,
    {
        max_by(self, other, Ord::cmp)
    }

    /// 比较并返回两个值中的最小值。
    ///
    /// 如果比较确定它们相等,则返回第一个参数。
    ///
    /// # Examples
    ///
    /// ```
    /// assert_eq!(1, 1.min(2));
    /// assert_eq!(2, 2.min(2));
    /// ```
    #[stable(feature = "ord_max_min", since = "1.21.0")]
    #[inline]
    #[must_use]
    fn min(self, other: Self) -> Self
    where
        Self: Sized,
    {
        min_by(self, other, Ord::cmp)
    }

    /// 将值限制在某个时间间隔内。
    ///
    /// 如果 `self` 大于 `max`,则返回 `max`; 如果 `self` 小于 `min`,则返回 `min`。
    /// 否则,将返回 `self`。
    ///
    /// # Panics
    ///
    /// 如果 `min > max`,就会出现 panics。
    ///
    /// # Examples
    ///
    /// ```
    /// assert!((-3).clamp(-2, 1) == -2);
    /// assert!(0.clamp(-2, 1) == 0);
    /// assert!(2.clamp(-2, 1) == 1);
    /// ```
    #[must_use]
    #[stable(feature = "clamp", since = "1.50.0")]
    fn clamp(self, min: Self, max: Self) -> Self
    where
        Self: Sized,
    {
        assert!(min <= max);
        if self < min {
            min
        } else if self > max {
            max
        } else {
            self
        }
    }
}

/// 派生宏,生成 `Ord` trait 的 impl。
#[rustc_builtin_macro]
#[stable(feature = "builtin_macro_prelude", since = "1.38.0")]
#[allow_internal_unstable(core_intrinsics)]
pub macro Ord($item:item) {
    /* compiler built-in */
}

#[stable(feature = "rust1", since = "1.0.0")]
impl Eq for Ordering {}

#[stable(feature = "rust1", since = "1.0.0")]
impl Ord for Ordering {
    #[inline]
    fn cmp(&self, other: &Ordering) -> Ordering {
        (*self as i32).cmp(&(*other as i32))
    }
}

#[stable(feature = "rust1", since = "1.0.0")]
impl PartialOrd for Ordering {
    #[inline]
    fn partial_cmp(&self, other: &Ordering) -> Option<Ordering> {
        (*self as i32).partial_cmp(&(*other as i32))
    }
}

/// 一个可以比较排序顺序的值的 trait。
///
/// 此 trait 的 `lt`、`le`、`gt` 和 `ge` 方法可以分别使用 `<`、`<=`、`>` 和 `>=` 相互调用。
///
/// 这个 trait 的方法必须相互一致,并且在以下意义上与 `PartialEq` 的方法一致:
///
/// - `a == b` 当且仅当 `partial_cmp(a, b) == Some(Equal)`。
/// - `a < b` 当且仅当 `partial_cmp(a, b) == Some(Less)` (由默认实现确保)。
/// - `a > b` 当且仅当 `partial_cmp(a, b) == Some(Greater)` (由默认实现确保)。
/// - `a <= b` 当且仅当 `a < b || a == b` (由默认实现确保)。
/// - `a >= b` 当且仅当 `a > b || a == b` (由默认实现确保)。
/// - `a != b` 当且仅当 `!(a == b)` (已经是 `PartialEq` 的一部分)。
///
/// 如果 [`Ord`] 也为 `Self` 和 `Rhs` 实现,它也必须与 `partial_cmp` 一致 (具体要求请参见 trait 的文档)。
/// 通过派生一些 traits 并手动实现其他一些行为,很容易使它们不以为然。
///
/// 对于所有 `a`,`b` 和 `c`,比较必须满足:
///
/// - 可传递性: `a < b` 和 `b < c` 表示 `a < c`。`==` 和 `>` 必须保持相同。
/// - 二元性: `a < b` 当且仅当 `b > a`。
///
/// 请注意,这些要求意味着 trait 本身必须对称且可传递地实现:如果 `T: PartialOrd<U>` 和 `U: PartialOrd<V>`,则 `U: PartialOrd<T>` 和 `T: PartialOrd<V>`。
///
///
/// ## Corollaries
///
/// 从上述要求得出以下推论:
///
/// - `<` 和 `>` 的非反射性: `!(a < a)`、`!(a > a)`
/// - `>` 的传递性:如果 `a > b` 并且 `b > c`,则 `a > c`
/// - `partial_cmp` 的对偶性: `partial_cmp(a, b) == partial_cmp(b, a).map(Ordering::reverse)`
///
/// ## Derivable
///
/// 该 trait 可以与 `#[derive]` 一起使用。当在结构体上进行 `derive` 时,它将根据结构体成员的自上而下的声明顺序生成字典顺序。
/// 对枚举进行 `derive`d 时,变体按其从上到下的判别顺序进行排序。
///
/// ## 如何实现 `PartialOrd`?
///
/// `PartialOrd` 只需要实现 [`partial_cmp`] 方法,其他方法从默认实现中生成。
///
/// 但是,对于没有总顺序的类型,仍然可以单独实现其他类型。例如,对于浮点数,`NaN < 0 == false` 和 `NaN >= 0 == false` (参见
/// IEEE 754-2008 第 5.11 节)。
///
/// `PartialOrd` 要求您的类型为 [`PartialEq`]。
///
/// 如果您的类型是 [`Ord`],则可以使用 [`cmp`] 来实现 [`partial_cmp`]:
///
/// ```
/// use std::cmp::Ordering;
///
/// #[derive(Eq)]
/// struct Person {
///     id: u32,
///     name: String,
///     height: u32,
/// }
///
/// impl PartialOrd for Person {
///     fn partial_cmp(&self, other: &Self) -> Option<Ordering> {
///         Some(self.cmp(other))
///     }
/// }
///
/// impl Ord for Person {
///     fn cmp(&self, other: &Self) -> Ordering {
///         self.height.cmp(&other.height)
///     }
/// }
///
/// impl PartialEq for Person {
///     fn eq(&self, other: &Self) -> bool {
///         self.height == other.height
///     }
/// }
/// ```
///
/// 您可能还会发现在类型的字段上使用 [`partial_cmp`] 很有用。这是 `Person` 类型的示例,它们具有一个浮点 `height` 字段,该字段是唯一用于排序的字段:
///
/// ```
/// use std::cmp::Ordering;
///
/// struct Person {
///     id: u32,
///     name: String,
///     height: f64,
/// }
///
/// impl PartialOrd for Person {
///     fn partial_cmp(&self, other: &Self) -> Option<Ordering> {
///         self.height.partial_cmp(&other.height)
///     }
/// }
///
/// impl PartialEq for Person {
///     fn eq(&self, other: &Self) -> bool {
///         self.height == other.height
///     }
/// }
/// ```
///
/// # Examples
///
/// ```
/// let x : u32 = 0;
/// let y : u32 = 1;
///
/// assert_eq!(x < y, true);
/// assert_eq!(x.lt(&y), true);
/// ```
///
/// [`partial_cmp`]: PartialOrd::partial_cmp
/// [`cmp`]: Ord::cmp
///
///
///
///
///
///
///
///
///
///
///
///
///
///
#[lang = "partial_ord"]
#[stable(feature = "rust1", since = "1.0.0")]
#[doc(alias = ">")]
#[doc(alias = "<")]
#[doc(alias = "<=")]
#[doc(alias = ">=")]
#[rustc_on_unimplemented(
    message = "can't compare `{Self}` with `{Rhs}`",
    label = "no implementation for `{Self} < {Rhs}` and `{Self} > {Rhs}`"
)]
#[rustc_diagnostic_item = "PartialOrd"]
pub trait PartialOrd<Rhs: ?Sized = Self>: PartialEq<Rhs> {
    /// 如果存在,则此方法返回 `self` 和 `other` 值之间的顺序。
    ///
    /// # Examples
    ///
    /// ```
    /// use std::cmp::Ordering;
    ///
    /// let result = 1.0.partial_cmp(&2.0);
    /// assert_eq!(result, Some(Ordering::Less));
    ///
    /// let result = 1.0.partial_cmp(&1.0);
    /// assert_eq!(result, Some(Ordering::Equal));
    ///
    /// let result = 2.0.partial_cmp(&1.0);
    /// assert_eq!(result, Some(Ordering::Greater));
    /// ```
    ///
    /// 如果无法进行比较:
    ///
    /// ```
    /// let result = f64::NAN.partial_cmp(&1.0);
    /// assert_eq!(result, None);
    /// ```
    #[must_use]
    #[stable(feature = "rust1", since = "1.0.0")]
    fn partial_cmp(&self, other: &Rhs) -> Option<Ordering>;

    /// 此方法测试的内容少于 (对于 `self` 和 `other`),并且由 `<` 操作员使用。
    ///
    /// # Examples
    ///
    /// ```
    /// let result = 1.0 < 2.0;
    /// assert_eq!(result, true);
    ///
    /// let result = 2.0 < 1.0;
    /// assert_eq!(result, false);
    /// ```
    #[inline]
    #[must_use]
    #[stable(feature = "rust1", since = "1.0.0")]
    fn lt(&self, other: &Rhs) -> bool {
        matches!(self.partial_cmp(other), Some(Less))
    }

    /// 此方法测试小于或等于 (对于 `self` 和 `other`),并且由 `<=` 运算符使用。
    ///
    ///
    /// # Examples
    ///
    /// ```
    /// let result = 1.0 <= 2.0;
    /// assert_eq!(result, true);
    ///
    /// let result = 2.0 <= 2.0;
    /// assert_eq!(result, true);
    /// ```
    #[inline]
    #[must_use]
    #[stable(feature = "rust1", since = "1.0.0")]
    fn le(&self, other: &Rhs) -> bool {
        // 模式 `Some(Less | Eq)` 优化比否定 `None | Some(Greater)` 更糟糕。
        // FIXME: 根本原因已在 LLVM 上游修复:
        // https://github.com/llvm/llvm-project/commit/9bad7de9a3fb844f1ca2965f35d0c2a3d1e11775
        // 一旦获得对 LLVM 12 的支持,就恢复此变通方法。
        !matches!(self.partial_cmp(other), None | Some(Greater))
    }

    /// 此方法测试大于 (对于 `self` 和 `other`),并且由 `>` 操作员使用。
    ///
    /// # Examples
    ///
    /// ```
    /// let result = 1.0 > 2.0;
    /// assert_eq!(result, false);
    ///
    /// let result = 2.0 > 2.0;
    /// assert_eq!(result, false);
    /// ```
    #[inline]
    #[must_use]
    #[stable(feature = "rust1", since = "1.0.0")]
    fn gt(&self, other: &Rhs) -> bool {
        matches!(self.partial_cmp(other), Some(Greater))
    }

    /// 此方法测试是否大于或等于 (对于 `self` 和 `other`),并且由 `>=` 运算符使用。
    ///
    ///
    /// # Examples
    ///
    /// ```
    /// let result = 2.0 >= 1.0;
    /// assert_eq!(result, true);
    ///
    /// let result = 2.0 >= 2.0;
    /// assert_eq!(result, true);
    /// ```
    #[inline]
    #[must_use]
    #[stable(feature = "rust1", since = "1.0.0")]
    fn ge(&self, other: &Rhs) -> bool {
        matches!(self.partial_cmp(other), Some(Greater | Equal))
    }
}

/// 派生宏,生成 `PartialOrd` trait 的 impl。
#[rustc_builtin_macro]
#[stable(feature = "builtin_macro_prelude", since = "1.38.0")]
#[allow_internal_unstable(core_intrinsics)]
pub macro PartialOrd($item:item) {
    /* compiler built-in */
}

/// 比较并返回两个值中的最小值。
///
/// 如果比较确定它们相等,则返回第一个参数。
///
/// 在内部使用 [`Ord::min`] 的别名。
///
/// # Examples
///
/// ```
/// use std::cmp;
///
/// assert_eq!(1, cmp::min(1, 2));
/// assert_eq!(2, cmp::min(2, 2));
/// ```
#[inline]
#[must_use]
#[stable(feature = "rust1", since = "1.0.0")]
#[cfg_attr(not(test), rustc_diagnostic_item = "cmp_min")]
pub fn min<T: Ord>(v1: T, v2: T) -> T {
    v1.min(v2)
}

/// 返回相对于指定比较函数的两个值中的最小值。
///
/// 如果比较确定它们相等,则返回第一个参数。
///
/// # Examples
///
/// ```
/// use std::cmp;
///
/// assert_eq!(cmp::min_by(-2, 1, |x: &i32, y: &i32| x.abs().cmp(&y.abs())), 1);
/// assert_eq!(cmp::min_by(-2, 2, |x: &i32, y: &i32| x.abs().cmp(&y.abs())), -2);
/// ```
#[inline]
#[must_use]
#[stable(feature = "cmp_min_max_by", since = "1.53.0")]
pub fn min_by<T, F: FnOnce(&T, &T) -> Ordering>(v1: T, v2: T, compare: F) -> T {
    match compare(&v1, &v2) {
        Ordering::Less | Ordering::Equal => v1,
        Ordering::Greater => v2,
    }
}

/// 返回给出指定函数中最小值的元素。
///
/// 如果比较确定它们相等,则返回第一个参数。
///
/// # Examples
///
/// ```
/// use std::cmp;
///
/// assert_eq!(cmp::min_by_key(-2, 1, |x: &i32| x.abs()), 1);
/// assert_eq!(cmp::min_by_key(-2, 2, |x: &i32| x.abs()), -2);
/// ```
#[inline]
#[must_use]
#[stable(feature = "cmp_min_max_by", since = "1.53.0")]
pub fn min_by_key<T, F: FnMut(&T) -> K, K: Ord>(v1: T, v2: T, mut f: F) -> T {
    min_by(v1, v2, |v1, v2| f(v1).cmp(&f(v2)))
}

/// 比较并返回两个值中的最大值。
///
/// 如果比较确定它们相等,则返回第二个参数。
///
/// 在内部使用 [`Ord::max`] 的别名。
///
/// # Examples
///
/// ```
/// use std::cmp;
///
/// assert_eq!(2, cmp::max(1, 2));
/// assert_eq!(2, cmp::max(2, 2));
/// ```
#[inline]
#[must_use]
#[stable(feature = "rust1", since = "1.0.0")]
#[cfg_attr(not(test), rustc_diagnostic_item = "cmp_max")]
pub fn max<T: Ord>(v1: T, v2: T) -> T {
    v1.max(v2)
}

/// 返回有关指定比较函数的两个值中的最大值。
///
/// 如果比较确定它们相等,则返回第二个参数。
///
/// # Examples
///
/// ```
/// use std::cmp;
///
/// assert_eq!(cmp::max_by(-2, 1, |x: &i32, y: &i32| x.abs().cmp(&y.abs())), -2);
/// assert_eq!(cmp::max_by(-2, 2, |x: &i32, y: &i32| x.abs().cmp(&y.abs())), 2);
/// ```
#[inline]
#[must_use]
#[stable(feature = "cmp_min_max_by", since = "1.53.0")]
pub fn max_by<T, F: FnOnce(&T, &T) -> Ordering>(v1: T, v2: T, compare: F) -> T {
    match compare(&v1, &v2) {
        Ordering::Less | Ordering::Equal => v2,
        Ordering::Greater => v1,
    }
}

/// 返回给出指定函数最大值的元素。
///
/// 如果比较确定它们相等,则返回第二个参数。
///
/// # Examples
///
/// ```
/// use std::cmp;
///
/// assert_eq!(cmp::max_by_key(-2, 1, |x: &i32| x.abs()), -2);
/// assert_eq!(cmp::max_by_key(-2, 2, |x: &i32| x.abs()), 2);
/// ```
#[inline]
#[must_use]
#[stable(feature = "cmp_min_max_by", since = "1.53.0")]
pub fn max_by_key<T, F: FnMut(&T) -> K, K: Ord>(v1: T, v2: T, mut f: F) -> T {
    max_by(v1, v2, |v1, v2| f(v1).cmp(&f(v2)))
}

// 原始类型的 PartialEq,Eq,PartialOrd 和 Ord 的实现
mod impls {
    use crate::cmp::Ordering::{self, Equal, Greater, Less};
    use crate::hint::unreachable_unchecked;

    macro_rules! partial_eq_impl {
        ($($t:ty)*) => ($(
            #[stable(feature = "rust1", since = "1.0.0")]
            impl PartialEq for $t {
                #[inline]
                fn eq(&self, other: &$t) -> bool { (*self) == (*other) }
                #[inline]
                fn ne(&self, other: &$t) -> bool { (*self) != (*other) }
            }
        )*)
    }

    #[stable(feature = "rust1", since = "1.0.0")]
    impl PartialEq for () {
        #[inline]
        fn eq(&self, _other: &()) -> bool {
            true
        }
        #[inline]
        fn ne(&self, _other: &()) -> bool {
            false
        }
    }

    partial_eq_impl! {
        bool char usize u8 u16 u32 u64 u128 isize i8 i16 i32 i64 i128 f32 f64
    }

    macro_rules! eq_impl {
        ($($t:ty)*) => ($(
            #[stable(feature = "rust1", since = "1.0.0")]
            impl Eq for $t {}
        )*)
    }

    eq_impl! { () bool char usize u8 u16 u32 u64 u128 isize i8 i16 i32 i64 i128 }

    macro_rules! partial_ord_impl {
        ($($t:ty)*) => ($(
            #[stable(feature = "rust1", since = "1.0.0")]
            impl PartialOrd for $t {
                #[inline]
                fn partial_cmp(&self, other: &$t) -> Option<Ordering> {
                    match (self <= other, self >= other) {
                        (false, false) => None,
                        (false, true) => Some(Greater),
                        (true, false) => Some(Less),
                        (true, true) => Some(Equal),
                    }
                }
                #[inline]
                fn lt(&self, other: &$t) -> bool { (*self) < (*other) }
                #[inline]
                fn le(&self, other: &$t) -> bool { (*self) <= (*other) }
                #[inline]
                fn ge(&self, other: &$t) -> bool { (*self) >= (*other) }
                #[inline]
                fn gt(&self, other: &$t) -> bool { (*self) > (*other) }
            }
        )*)
    }

    #[stable(feature = "rust1", since = "1.0.0")]
    impl PartialOrd for () {
        #[inline]
        fn partial_cmp(&self, _: &()) -> Option<Ordering> {
            Some(Equal)
        }
    }

    #[stable(feature = "rust1", since = "1.0.0")]
    impl PartialOrd for bool {
        #[inline]
        fn partial_cmp(&self, other: &bool) -> Option<Ordering> {
            Some(self.cmp(other))
        }
    }

    partial_ord_impl! { f32 f64 }

    macro_rules! ord_impl {
        ($($t:ty)*) => ($(
            #[stable(feature = "rust1", since = "1.0.0")]
            impl PartialOrd for $t {
                #[inline]
                fn partial_cmp(&self, other: &$t) -> Option<Ordering> {
                    Some(self.cmp(other))
                }
                #[inline]
                fn lt(&self, other: &$t) -> bool { (*self) < (*other) }
                #[inline]
                fn le(&self, other: &$t) -> bool { (*self) <= (*other) }
                #[inline]
                fn ge(&self, other: &$t) -> bool { (*self) >= (*other) }
                #[inline]
                fn gt(&self, other: &$t) -> bool { (*self) > (*other) }
            }

            #[stable(feature = "rust1", since = "1.0.0")]
            impl Ord for $t {
                #[inline]
                fn cmp(&self, other: &$t) -> Ordering {
                    // 此处的顺序对于生成更优化的装配很重要。
                    // 有关更多信息,请参见 <https://github.com/rust-lang/rust/issues/63758>。
                    if *self < *other { Less }
                    else if *self == *other { Equal }
                    else { Greater }
                }
            }
        )*)
    }

    #[stable(feature = "rust1", since = "1.0.0")]
    impl Ord for () {
        #[inline]
        fn cmp(&self, _other: &()) -> Ordering {
            Equal
        }
    }

    #[stable(feature = "rust1", since = "1.0.0")]
    impl Ord for bool {
        #[inline]
        fn cmp(&self, other: &bool) -> Ordering {
            // 转换为 i8 并将差异转换为 Ordering 可以生成更优化的装配。
            //
            // 有关更多信息,请参见 <https://github.com/rust-lang/rust/issues/66780>。
            match (*self as i8) - (*other as i8) {
                -1 => Less,
                0 => Equal,
                1 => Greater,
                // SAFETY: 由于 i8 返回的 bool 为 0 或 1,因此其差值不能为其他值
                _ => unsafe { unreachable_unchecked() },
            }
        }
    }

    ord_impl! { char usize u8 u16 u32 u64 u128 isize i8 i16 i32 i64 i128 }

    #[unstable(feature = "never_type", issue = "35121")]
    impl PartialEq for ! {
        fn eq(&self, _: &!) -> bool {
            *self
        }
    }

    #[unstable(feature = "never_type", issue = "35121")]
    impl Eq for ! {}

    #[unstable(feature = "never_type", issue = "35121")]
    impl PartialOrd for ! {
        fn partial_cmp(&self, _: &!) -> Option<Ordering> {
            *self
        }
    }

    #[unstable(feature = "never_type", issue = "35121")]
    impl Ord for ! {
        fn cmp(&self, _: &!) -> Ordering {
            *self
        }
    }

    // & pointers

    #[stable(feature = "rust1", since = "1.0.0")]
    impl<A: ?Sized, B: ?Sized> PartialEq<&B> for &A
    where
        A: PartialEq<B>,
    {
        #[inline]
        fn eq(&self, other: &&B) -> bool {
            PartialEq::eq(*self, *other)
        }
        #[inline]
        fn ne(&self, other: &&B) -> bool {
            PartialEq::ne(*self, *other)
        }
    }
    #[stable(feature = "rust1", since = "1.0.0")]
    impl<A: ?Sized, B: ?Sized> PartialOrd<&B> for &A
    where
        A: PartialOrd<B>,
    {
        #[inline]
        fn partial_cmp(&self, other: &&B) -> Option<Ordering> {
            PartialOrd::partial_cmp(*self, *other)
        }
        #[inline]
        fn lt(&self, other: &&B) -> bool {
            PartialOrd::lt(*self, *other)
        }
        #[inline]
        fn le(&self, other: &&B) -> bool {
            PartialOrd::le(*self, *other)
        }
        #[inline]
        fn gt(&self, other: &&B) -> bool {
            PartialOrd::gt(*self, *other)
        }
        #[inline]
        fn ge(&self, other: &&B) -> bool {
            PartialOrd::ge(*self, *other)
        }
    }
    #[stable(feature = "rust1", since = "1.0.0")]
    impl<A: ?Sized> Ord for &A
    where
        A: Ord,
    {
        #[inline]
        fn cmp(&self, other: &Self) -> Ordering {
            Ord::cmp(*self, *other)
        }
    }
    #[stable(feature = "rust1", since = "1.0.0")]
    impl<A: ?Sized> Eq for &A where A: Eq {}

    // &mut 指针

    #[stable(feature = "rust1", since = "1.0.0")]
    impl<A: ?Sized, B: ?Sized> PartialEq<&mut B> for &mut A
    where
        A: PartialEq<B>,
    {
        #[inline]
        fn eq(&self, other: &&mut B) -> bool {
            PartialEq::eq(*self, *other)
        }
        #[inline]
        fn ne(&self, other: &&mut B) -> bool {
            PartialEq::ne(*self, *other)
        }
    }
    #[stable(feature = "rust1", since = "1.0.0")]
    impl<A: ?Sized, B: ?Sized> PartialOrd<&mut B> for &mut A
    where
        A: PartialOrd<B>,
    {
        #[inline]
        fn partial_cmp(&self, other: &&mut B) -> Option<Ordering> {
            PartialOrd::partial_cmp(*self, *other)
        }
        #[inline]
        fn lt(&self, other: &&mut B) -> bool {
            PartialOrd::lt(*self, *other)
        }
        #[inline]
        fn le(&self, other: &&mut B) -> bool {
            PartialOrd::le(*self, *other)
        }
        #[inline]
        fn gt(&self, other: &&mut B) -> bool {
            PartialOrd::gt(*self, *other)
        }
        #[inline]
        fn ge(&self, other: &&mut B) -> bool {
            PartialOrd::ge(*self, *other)
        }
    }
    #[stable(feature = "rust1", since = "1.0.0")]
    impl<A: ?Sized> Ord for &mut A
    where
        A: Ord,
    {
        #[inline]
        fn cmp(&self, other: &Self) -> Ordering {
            Ord::cmp(*self, *other)
        }
    }
    #[stable(feature = "rust1", since = "1.0.0")]
    impl<A: ?Sized> Eq for &mut A where A: Eq {}

    #[stable(feature = "rust1", since = "1.0.0")]
    impl<A: ?Sized, B: ?Sized> PartialEq<&mut B> for &A
    where
        A: PartialEq<B>,
    {
        #[inline]
        fn eq(&self, other: &&mut B) -> bool {
            PartialEq::eq(*self, *other)
        }
        #[inline]
        fn ne(&self, other: &&mut B) -> bool {
            PartialEq::ne(*self, *other)
        }
    }

    #[stable(feature = "rust1", since = "1.0.0")]
    impl<A: ?Sized, B: ?Sized> PartialEq<&B> for &mut A
    where
        A: PartialEq<B>,
    {
        #[inline]
        fn eq(&self, other: &&B) -> bool {
            PartialEq::eq(*self, *other)
        }
        #[inline]
        fn ne(&self, other: &&B) -> bool {
            PartialEq::ne(*self, *other)
        }
    }
}